A graduate from Ecole Polytechnique and ENSAE ParisTech, Alain Grandjean holds a PhD in Economy of the Environment. He has over 15 years of experience in management, and seven years in consulting for investment funds and CEOs. The author of five books, he is a lecturer and a trainer on energy and climate issues.He is currently a partner in Carbone 4, a leading consulting firm specialised in carbon strategy. The firm's name refers to the Factor 4 concept, the name given to France's objective of cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 75% by 2050. Carbone 4 advises public and private entities, assisting them in the transition to a low-carbon economy. Alain Grandjean is a member of the Strategic Committee of the Nicolas Hulot Foundation, of the Sustainable Development Economists Council for the French Department of Environment. In 2012 he was appointed chairman of the Experts Committee for the French National Debate on Energy Transition.