Needamangalam Gopalaswami is a 1966 batch Indian Administrative Services officer belonging to Gujarat cadre. Mr. Gopalaswami served the Government of India between 1992 and 2004. Prior to this appointment in the Election Commission of India, he was the Union Home Secretary and prior to that, he held the posts of Secretary in the Department of Culture and Secretary General in the National Human Rights Commission. Mr. Gopalaswami had also worked as adviser (education) in the Planning Commission, joint secretary, department of electronics, in charge of software development and industry promotion division and also the head of Software Technology Park of India (STPI) Society and SATCOMM India Society. He took over the charge of Chief Election Commissioner on 30 June 2006 and has retired in April 2009. He is currently the president of Vivekananda Educational Society which runs a group of schools in and around Chennai.