A graduate from Sciences Po Paris (Ph.D., 1983), Norbert Alter started his career as a sociologist at France Telecom (1977-1989), before becoming professor at CNAM (Conservatoire national des Arts et Métiers). He later joined University Paris-Dauphine and from 2000 to 2008 he was the director of CERSO (Centre d'études et de recherches en sociologie des organisations). A member of Dauphine's Research in Management lab, he co-founded the Association professionnelle des sociologues d'entreprise and the academic journal Sociologies pratiques. Specializing in questions related to innovation and cooperation in organizations, he uses sociological, psychological and anthropological theories to describe and analyze management practices. He published many articles and several prize-winning books.