Scientific breakthrough & technological innovations.
Their exceptional properties open up an increasing number of applications. Some of them are now leaving the labs.
How is pain to be measured, when the signals that transmit it are not yet being processed by the brain? / François Jouen
Recent discoveries on inattentive driving tell us a lot about the very specific workings of the brain. / Stéphane Marchand
Dramatically speeding the process gives researchers in pharma, chemistry, agriculture access to more high-quality DNA. / Emily Leproust
Big Data provides a better understanding of complex fields. This requires phrasing relevant challenges. C-K is a solution. / Olga Kokshagina & Yohann Sitruk
Originally designed to address the storage of nuclear waste, Hytec evolved into a generic platform dealing with carbon storage or natural resource management.
The landscape of open projects has expanded... What happens when everything is branded "open"? / Luis Murillo
Chemistry is now able to synthesize hybrid polymers by combining metals with organic molecules. Labs are racing to identify the most interesting ones.
If there is cause for concern about AI, it doesn’t stem from the dangers it poses to humanity but because of its current applications in our societies
How do we impose effective, but not overly aggressive regulations on a threat that has not yet become a reality? / Jia Kai & Tao Dong
Studying metals at a mesoscopic scale is both a major scientific breakthrough and a competitiveness challenge for the aeronautics industry.
Aerogels? Imagine cloud chunks. This family of surprisingly light nanostructured materials has finally moved from research labs and entered the operational phase at industrial scale.
This theoretical breakthrough has revolutionized our approach to design.
The precise nature of a datum remains unclear. A philosophical approach, as led by Luciano Floridi, can help us refine the definition.
In France, there has been a long-standing contrast between the high level of academic research and the modest result of research exploitation. Old habits die hard, but the situation is changing fast.
Numerous applications are expected in the areas of health, energy, materials, environment and agriculture.
The technical potential for automation differs dramatically across sectors and activities.
Which stage has AI technology reached? Is the arrival of machine intelligence a blessing or a curse?
Today, there is a real curiosity, but above all, a need for education on the subject of Bitcoin and Ethereum protocols, as well as blockchain technology.
Culture is the essential catalyst of intelligence and an AI without the capability to interact culturally would be nothing more than an academic curiosity.
Construction methods have begun an accelerated shift towards increased efficiency. Insulation solutions are undergoing a huge wave of innovation.
In the 2000s, experts had an optimistic view on the possibility of reducing CO2 emissions by capturing carbon and storing it geologically. And now?
The future mix should reduce its environmental impact. It is crucial to compare different production sectors. / Isabelle Blanc
What are the main factors that will affect the Research & Innovation Environment in China until 2025?
In many areas, decision-making is affected by the difficulty in producing reliable forecasts. Some developments of mathematics can reduce this unpredictability.
Many articles analyze why there's no Chinese innovation. Meanwhile, the situation is changing. How do Chinese entrepreneurs move from imitators to innovators?
Storing electricity? Old solutions to this old problem are gaining momentum. Like using electricity to obtain hydrogen and reconverting it into energy.
The question first arose in the 1980s, with the advent of the personal computer: were we all going to have to learn to program? The development of the software industry seemed to have given one definitive, and negative, answer to this question. Yet it is coming back, with a vengeance. Why exactly should we take it seriously this time around?
During the 20th century Governments and public agencies such as NASA played a major role in the innovation chain. Are they out of the game? / Stefan Lindegaard
Provided we can prove its feasibility, nuclear fusion could be justified, thereby enabling a move to industrial fusion power production.
In a continuously connected future, e-CDC use the best specialists to deliver the best medical protection everywhere, instantly, all the time.
Our foodstuffs in the future may be full of surprises. The challenges are high, human imagination is boundless.
Nano-sciences and nano-technologies are opening up hitherto unmapped paths to our bodies and health. Not without debates.
Robots will soon be able to read texts for us, engage in conversations, clean our windows, deliver packets and parcels, prepare our pill-boxes and even help us get back on our feet should we fall, or have difficulty just getting up.
Researchers have to work on short-term contracts serving commercial interests and make promises that they can hardly live up to - think of quantum computers.
Mathematical skills have become strategic for the business world. The most advanced companies hire high level scientists who tackle fundamental theoretical questions.
Business of this product calls for sophisticated technologies by also for a clear view at to the end-users. In this cutting edge emerging market, start-ups are out front.
What happens when amateurs take over a market trading room?
Rapid advances in neurosciences have led to some decisive progress in various fields. But debate rages as the ambitions expand overtly.
Not so long ago, nuclear imaging was a matter of R&D. Now it's an industry. One of its most interesting business lines is the production of radioactive tracers.
The relationship between energy and climate is far more complex that it seems initially. Where does science stand today and how can we use the available knowledge?
“Techno-prophets” – not all crazed illuminati - entertain the dream of the advent of New Mankind. Sci-fi? Not any longer.
The spectacular optical properties of nanoparticles are revolutionizing medical imaging. They also help to renew therapeutic techniques.
Advances in neuroscience have shed a new light on our understanding of classic issues about learning. How does it work?
With 3-D medical imaging rapidly coming on line, a silent revolution is under way in our hospitals. New strides forward will come from combinatory techniques.
Ecologically speaking, coal is the worst energy source around. But it nonetheless possesses some almost irresistible features. It is still abundant, easy and cheap to mine. Promising technologies could allow cleaner, healthier ways to burn it. Let's have a look.
What is graphene? A two-dimensional crystal consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms. And, also, a revolution.
How do financial mathematics specialists imagine the markets in five to ten years? What exactly will their role look like?
The venture investor and former Facebook executive examines promising technologies and explains why most executives undervalue technical proficiency.
From mechanized figurines to the first robot arm, a brief journey through a history 3000 years in the making.
MIT's Technology Review regularly cites this technology as being one that could change the world. Why?
Cancer diagnosis and treatments today are undergoing deep-reaching changes. Innovative approaches target cell functions and its close environment.
The strategic policies chosen by China and the expected advent of new PV cells could change the economic dynamics.
Big Data requires a complete break from Cartesian logic. It calls for the non-scientific part of human thought: inductive reasoning.
What exactly are the advantages of this new technology? Will molten salt reactors earn their place in nuclear power production?
Far from being constant, the structure of financial uncertainty varies throughout history: it depends on the institutional frameworks that allow the flow and recording of economic information.
Economic theorizing does not follow the Popperian view of science: some of the knowledge generated is analogical. And research serves rhetorical purposes.
Advances in medical imaging make this discipline a laboratory for the latest scientific methods. Is there a place for experts against machines?
Private enterprises will be critical players in space at a time when governments face fiscal pressures forcing them to rethink their galactic ambitions.
Can we protect the meaning and relevance of innovation while accelerating and increasing its impact? This is the issue challenged by component innovation.
Each species owes its survival to a series of trials and errors that led to an expertise which is available: that's the starting point of biomimicry.
Whether it comes from ethics or from theory, the impression is that the days of the contemporary speculator are numbered. Nevertheless, a theory of the speculator is possible.
Information is more abundant than ever. Day after day, the flood of data is growing at exponential rates. The challenge consists in being able, in real-time, to take advantage and transform into value massive swaths of data.
To understand tsunamis or locate oil slicks, scientists are running ever more complex models in ever more powerful machines.
Patents are generally considered to fuel innovation. But do they?
Intel's breakthrough “vertical” chip means that computer capacity will keep increasing. What will all that new firepower mean for technology and society? And what happens after that?
An interview with Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Head of the unit of regulation of retroviral infections, Institut Pasteur.
When it comes to technology, making the right call is surprisingly rare -even among its inventors.
Why has social media been so useful to the protesters in North Africa? How will it be applied next? Will it really change the world?
The less heralded consequence of globalization is the emergence of crises of expanding magnitude which test our ability to coordinate and swiftly execute a response.
Wikipedia just turned 10. The volunteer-written encyclopedia is itself a sign of the rise of social production.
Just as the networking of computers led to multiple changes in our lives, the growing networking of things - connecting cars, power grids, even toilets to the Internet - may lead to other profound adjustments.
This article addresses current developments in the field of decentralized social networking as a way of countering the trade-off between privacy and connectivity in social network services.
More objects are becoming embedded with sensors and gaining the ability to communicate. The resulting information networks promise to create new business models, improve business processes, and reduce costs and risks.
Can we embrace chaos and harness its power ? Yes. But to plan for the future we must discard the limits of our present. / Robert Branche
Wikileak's recent release of confidential U.S. State Department cables has implications for businesses and corporations with sensitive information to shield.
Social media is the flavor of the day in marketing, the latest in a line of digital innovations that were supposed to “change everything.”
The combined challenges of energy and environmental security pose important national security questions and risks that, with few exceptions, remain poorly formulated and understood today.
How are we to obtain the measure of the distance between basic research and the essential technologies of the modern age?
The extreme weather events in 2010 have shifted the debate from asking is the weather changing to what will happen next.
Practitioners are expanding the use of prototyping to new applications and devising methodologies to unleash the true power of prototyping. / Sushi Suzuki
The point of view of Michel Petit, former member of the IPCC Bureau (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).
There is a gnawing doubt: what if our points of reference, our capabilities, are no longer good enough? / Patrick Lagadec
For the past ten years, and especially recently, the scientific community has been tearing itself apart over an apparently simple question: Is the earth getting warmer and if so, is it because of human activity?
Each major crisis is witness to the emergence of new ways of quantifying the social order, implying new models of action, variables, and systems of observation.
Feeding more than nine billion people by year 2050 in a sustainable way is not an impossible task provided certain conditions are met.
Feeding more than nine billion people by year 2050 in a sustainable way is not an impossible task provided certain conditions are met. / Marion Guillou
Industrialists who were ready to embark on the adventure were promised big profits. What is the real promise of nanotechnology?
We can now attempt to measure collective emotions in urban environments. / Orange Labs
How much the ocean might change, how to cope with the risks and opportunities of those changes?
For every iPhone, hundreds of new technological products don't quite make it. What separates the winners from the also-rans?